Speech Structures

  • Pillars: speech body
  • Roof: ending or closing
  • Drainpipe: connection of the closing of a speech with its opening.​

Foundation: My favorite color is blue because


Majestic things like the ocean and the sky are blue

Blue symbolizes serenity, stability, inspiration, wisdom, reliability, etc.

Blue is easy to mix with other colors

Closing: For these reasons, my favorite color is blue.

Preview. View. Review.

Another great framework you can use for speeches, respond to questions, and in general communications is Preview-View-Review. This part structure helps you organize your thoughts in a clear way and provides a story-like framework for your communications. This concept was developed by educators to give the teacher a technique for effective learning. But, this can easily be applied in any situation.​

  • Positioning Statement: Benefits statement selling advantages of listening
  • Overview: Key points that support positioning statement
  • Point 2: Evidence/Illustration
  • Point 3: Evidence/Illustration
  • Memorable Conclusion: Wrap up story or statement
  • Call to Action: Request for order/commitment



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