Communications 101

Growth Companion
3 min readJan 9, 2021


“We have two ears and one mouth so that we can listen twice as much as we speak.” ― Epictetus​

Active Listening

Why do we listen?​ To get information, to understand, to learn, and most importantly to influence. Research suggests that we only remember 25–50% of what we hear, as described by Edgar Dale’s Cone of Experience. There are three levels of listenings:

  • Level 1: Listening to impress
  • Level 2: Listening to learn
  • Level 3: Listening to the understand

As part of being a good communicator, you have to be a good active listener — which is a simple technique that makes people feel heard. Here are some tips to be a good active listener:

Let people finish their thought-process

  • Avoid finishing other people’s sentences
  • Don’t interrupt
  • Spend more time listening than talking​

Pay attention to what people are saying

  • Listen for non-verbal cues such as body language
  • Make eye contact, face the speaker, nod occasionally, etc.
  • Don’t jump to conclusions or judgments or prepare for rebuttal

After people are done talking​

  • Reframe what the others say to make sure you understand them correctly
  • ​Ask a lot of questions, and do not answer questions with questions
  • Think about your response after the person is done speaking

4 Ts of Communication

This is a great framework developed by More To Be that you can
use in any communication senior.

​Timing is a key piece of communicating effectively.

  • Is this a good time to bring this up?
  • Am I being rational or emotional?
  • Is this a good time to hear them out?

The tone of your voice often conveys more than your words do.

  • What is the tone in my voice and my body language?
  • What is the tone of our relationship?
  • What is the overall tone of the environment we’re in at this moment?

The technique is how you say it

  • Am I starting out with the positive?
  • Am I using words like always and never?
  • Am I owning my actions or playing the victim?

Tell people the TRUTH

  • Is what I am saying the truth?
  • Is what they are saying to me a truth that I need to hear even If their timing, tone, and technique stinks?
  • Is it possible for me to be teachable, in spite of how I feel, and apply this truth to my life?

7 Cs of Communication

The seven C’s of communication are a list of seven principles that you can use for all your communication to help you communicate effectively. This seven-point checklist is a great tool for delivering engaging and effective messages.

1. Clear: Make the goal of your message clear to your recipient. Ask yourself what the purpose of your communication is.

2. Concise: Your message should also be brief and to the point. Why communicate your message in six sentences when you can do it in three?

3. Concrete: Ensure your message has important details and facts, but that nothing deters the focus of your message.

4. Correct: Make sure what you’re writing or saying is accurate. Bad information doesn’t help anybody. Also, make sure that your message is typo-free.

5. Coherent: Does your message make sense? Check to see that all of your points are relevant and that everything is consistent with the tone and flow or your text.

6. Complete: Your message is complete when all relevant information is included in an understandable manner and there is a clear “call to action”. Does your audience know what you want them to do?

7. Courteous: Ensure that your communication is friendly, open, and honest, regardless of what the message is about. Be empathetic and avoid passive-aggressive tones.



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